Roland Barthes

  • The Third Meaning: Notes on Some of Eisenstein’s Stills

    HERE IS AN IMAGE from Ivan the Terrible (I): two courtiers, confederates, or supernumeraries (it doesn’t really matter whether or not I recall the story’s details exactly) are showering the young czar’s head with gold. I believe I can distinguish three levels of meaning in this scene:

    1) an informational level: collecting all I can learn from the setting, the costumes, the characters, their relationships, their appearance in an anecdote I am however vaguely familiar with. This level is that of communication. If I had to find an analytic mode at this level, I should resort to the semiotics of the