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Carol Rama (1918–2015)

Carol Rama has died. An Italian self-taught artist, Rama was known for paintings, often erotic, that interrogated notions of female sexual identity. Police shut down her first show, in 1945 at Galleria Faber in Turin.

Rama won the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement at the fiftieth Venice Biennale in 2003. She has had solo shows at the Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, in Turin, and at the Musée d’Art moderne de la Ville de Paris.

“A vibrant, nasty, eccentric, erotic, corporeal, and irrefutably feminine (one might say feminist) wrath is everywhere visible in Rama’s oeuvre, yet hers is hardly piss without pleasure,” wrote critic Johanna Burton in Artforum.