The Future of Landscape Painting

SURELY THE CLIMAX OF landscape painting occurred during the 19th century. It had a long preparation, going back at least as far as the landscapes of Polidoro da Caravaggio, Schiavone, Niccolo dell’Abate, Breughel and the Bassani. The neo classic landscape painters of the 17th century, including the dionysiacs Gaspar Dughet and Salva tor Rosa, had enormous influence during the 18th century, as their works were reinterpreted by the picturesque theorists. Edmund Burke, together with the picturesque theorists, established the philosophical foundation for landscape painting of the 18th and 19th centuries. In their writings, for the first time in the history of art, different kinds of compositions or arrangements of forms on the surface of the canvas and different kinds of forms in nature were associated with specific emotional states and philosophies.

Knight and Allison began the study of the

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