TABLE OF CONTENTS

Utopia/Anti-Utopia

Large-scale industrial, military, and space

systems are the new utopias that the age

of computers has thrust upon us.

These utopias contain all the critical features

of classical utopias save one. They are destined

to deal with some perceived limitation

in the existing organization of men

and materials, they attempt to improve an

existing state of affairs, and they frequently

are utterly visionary in concept and disappointing

in execution. They lack only the humanoid

orientation characteristic of all classical

utopian schemes.

—R. Boguslaw, The New Utopians

Our existentialist friends will point out that

existing automatons won’t revolt this afternoon

because presumably they all have controls.

They are not free. And, presumably, they

are not human. They are not free to respond

in an uncontrolled way to the realities of

their environment.

—Ibid.

IN AMERICA, SPACE AND FREEDOM have been thought

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