TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRINT January 1976

Problems from Early Kupka

And only a cowardly consciousness and meager creative powers in an artist are deceived by this fraud and base their art on the forms of nature, afraid of losing the foundation on which the savage and the academy have based their art.

—Malevich

That he has broken an object or placed a red or yellow square in the center of his canvas will not make his work new; what will make his work new is his grasp of the creative spirit infusing this outward appearance.

—Léger

The artist should now know what, and why, things happen in his pictures.

—Malevich

FRANTISEK KUPKA HAS ALWAYS seemed a minor figure in the School of Paris. His name was known, but hardly more than that, except, perhaps, for an occasional reproduction of Planes by Colors, Large Nude, which seemed, more or less, to be equated with Kupka. After his enormous retrospective at the Guggenheim, such an equation is obviously silly; as, in

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