PRINT May 1978

Freedom, Love and Poetry

SURREALISM EMERGED IN THE MID-1920S, celebrating life in its artistic and poetic manifestations and castigating both those who, in the name of art for art’s sake, detach art from life, and those who split their life by sacrificing the ideals of youth for the benefits of an artistic career. By adopting Marx’s famous dictum “We have sufficiently explained the world, the point is to transform it,”1 Surrealism committed itself to an interpretation of events in terms of crises resulting from irreconcilable class antagonisms. By adopting Rimbaud’s call “Life must be changed,” Surrealism committed itself to the liberation of the individual from the tyranny of the superego. Revolt against the domination of a ruling class is predicated on the exercise of the will to revolt: liberation from an oppressive superego demands a reorientation of the ego—a conversion, in the sense of a turning. The socialists

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