TABLE OF CONTENTS

Myth, Thermadorians and Solipsists

Reification

THE MARQUIS DE SADE'S CONTENTION that, for lasting success, social revolution must be conjoined with moral revolution came to find its justification in Freudo-Marxism. Hegel’s daring concept of the unhappy consciousness led Marx to deduce that the history-making consciousness belongs to the class that revolts against its ruling class for having deprived it of the wealth it produced. From this assessment Marx concluded that, in order to replace capitalism by socialism on an international scale, the working class must think politically in terms of a universal discourse.

The failure of the German proletariat to follow the example of the Russian Bolsheviks implied that, although as a class it obviously had “the consciousness of itself,” it had failed, as Georg Lukacs phrases it, to “develop the consciousness of its ability as a class to organize society in terms of its particular

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