PRINT September 1981


Program: a descriptive notice, issued beforehand, of any formal series of proceedings, as a festive celebration, a course of study etc. (. . .), a list of the items or “numbers” of a concert etc., in the order of performance; hence the items themselves collectively, the performance as a whole. . . .1

An architectural program is a list of required utilities; it indicates their relations, but suggests neither their combination nor their proportion.2

TO ADDRESS THE NOTION of the program today is to enter a forbidden field, a field architectural ideologies have consciously banished for decades. Programmatic concerns have been dismissed both as remnants of humanism and as morbid attempts to resurrect now-obsolete functionalist doctrines. These attacks are revealing in that they imply an embedded belief in one particular aspect of modernism—the preeminence of formal manipulation to the exclusion

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