TABLE OF CONTENTS

NOT POST-MODERNISM: HISTORY AS AGAINST HISTORICISM, EUROPEAN ARCHETYPAL VERNACULAR IN RELATION TO AMERICAN COMMERCIAL VERNACULAR AND THE CITY AS OPPOSED TO THE INDIVIDUAL BUILDING

IN BOTH THE MODERN AMERICAN and the modern European city historical roots are replaced by an abstract neutral grid that situates architectural forms within the urban fabric.

According to the European critic Manfredo Tafuri, it was the grid structure that rationalized and controlled the pattern of economic investment and building(s)—which were forced toward rational, self-contained, fragmentary forms within the overall grid.

In the American city, absolute liberty is granted to the single architectural fragment, but this fragment is situated in a context that it does not condition formally: the secondary elements of the city are given maximum articulation, while the laws governing the whole are rigidly maintained.1

The grid made it possible continually to erect and dismantle buildings without destroying the order or functioning of the city. The architect of the modern period came to link building

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