TABLE OF CONTENTS

PARODY AND APPROPRIATION IN FRANCIS PICABIA, POP, AND SIGMAR POLKE

It is not the passion (whether of objects or subjects) for substances that speaks in fetishism, it is the passion for the code, which, by governing both objects and subjects, and by subordinating them to itself, delivers them up to abstract manipulation. This is the fundamental articulation of the ideological process: not in the projection of alienated consciousness into various superstructures, but in the generalization at all levels of a structural code.

Jean Baudrillard, Fetishism and Ideology, 1981

ALL CULTURAL PRACTICE APPROPRIATES ALIEN or exotic, peripheral or obsolete elements of discourse into its changing idioms. The motivations and criteria of selection for appropriation are intricately connected with the essential driving forces of each culture’s dynamics, and they can range from the crudest motives of imperialist appropriation of foreign (cultural) wealth to the subtle practices

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