TABLE OF CONTENTS

GROWING UP

When man was placed in the Garden of Eden, he was put there to dress it and to keep it, to work, in fact; which proves that man was not born to an easy life.

Voltaire, Candide

THROUGHOUT CANDIDE, VOLTAIRE’S COMEDIC PARABLE of the undaunted human spirit, the beleaguered hero’s compensation for maintaining faith is the assurance of an opportunity to “go and work in the garden.” Professor Pangloss, extolling the virtues of optimism in his final message to Candide. postulates that all of the woes his disciple has endured at the mercy of a cruel and uncompromising world are rewarded by this ultimate refuge. “There is a chain of events in this best of all possible worlds,” Pangloss explains, “for if you had not been turned out of a beautiful mansion at the point of a jackboot for the love of Lady Cunégonde, and if you had not wandered over America on foot, and had not struck the Baron with your

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