Here, Lycoris, are cool fountains, here soft fields,

Here woodland, here with you I’d be Time’s casualty. . . .

As the green alder pushes upward in new spring.

Let us arise: for singers heavy is the shade,

Heavy the shade of juniper; and shade harms fruit.

Go, little she-goats, Hesper comes, go home replete.

—Vergil, “Eclogue X,” translated by Guy Lee

[The arcades and botanical winter gardens are] residues of a dream world . . . [in which] the collective consciousness sinks into ever deeper sleep. . . . The city is now a landscape, now a room.

Walter Benjamin

THE MODERN CITY LIVES in a tension between the urban and the “natural,” in Rousseau’s sense of the utopian, Edenic, or arcadian possibility. This dialectic began in the early Enlightenment, with the Abbé Laugier, who, influenced by Rousseau’s opposition of the supposedly uncorrupted “natural man” to civilization, proposed a similar first

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