PRINT May 1988


M. Beato, a Corfiote, made [excellent photographs] . . . in Lucknow. . . . The moment they were taken I sent a set of them to my father, in London, who showed them to her Majesty the Queen-Empress. That lady was graciously pleased to express her interest in them, they having been the first she had seen.

—Francis Cornwallis Maude, Memories of the Mutiny, 1894

The Siege of Lucknow

The Sepoy Rebellion; called by Europeans the Indian Mutiny and by Indians the first battles in the struggle for independence, began in May 1857, when sepoys, Indian enlisted men in the British Indian Army, rose up and took Meerut and Delhi. Lucknow, capital of the northern Kingdom of Oudh, whose annexation by the British was a cause of the rebellion, fell in June. A large group of administrators, soldiers under General Sir Henry Lawrence, their wives, children, servants, and camp followers—over 3,200 Indians and

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