CONTRARY TO THE ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONIST spirit of introversion and self-feeding (Barnett Newman’s “we’ll make it out of ourselves”), which seeks the sources of painting’s energy in painting and painting alone, Jasper Johns, Cy Twombly, Robert Rauschenberg, and Andy Warhol sought to unite art with life by expanding the spaces of art action and expression. Having, as Europeans do, interlocutors in this venture, among them in particular, Joseph Beuys and Yves Klein (two artists who saw painting as more than its material consistency, mainly as idea), the above-mentioned American artists,embodying in their work both writerly and painterly materials, turned their painting into an examination of all representational iconography. Cy Twombly, in particular, suspicious of every “technical”/“materialist”/“technological” solution to artistic questions, sought his answers in poetry, in myths, and in

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