Alfredo Jaar


By Felix Guattari, Paris: Editions Galilee, 1989, 72 pp.

The post-Modern era is first and foremost the era of acquiescence to the trade logic of the capitalist system; a system in which economic imperatives generate a network of military, scientific, technical, and cultural mandates that support the status quo. For the nihilists among us, as for the anarchists, the formula for progress is “destroy as much as possible as quickly as possible” (Bakunin, 1873). But this “era of emptiness” (Lipovetsky, 1983) is also the era of urgency: it is now necessary, as has been said, to “reinvent a future for the planet,” to return to the Nature that Leonardo da Vinci said abounded in ragioni, in meanings we thus far have not fathomed.

In Les Trois Écologies (The three ecologies), Félix Guattari sets us on that path. His essay, short yet impeccably precise, is an exercise in both

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