PRINT Summer 2002


Jon Ippolito

The Internet has yet to deliver on the electronic republic pundits promised in the ’90s. Indeed, Al Gore’s “Athenian Age” of enhanced democracy was a lot shorter-lived than the orlglnal, if It drew breath at all, and with the election fiascoes and terrorist attacks of the past two years, the Bush administration has easily drowned out pleas for online town meetings and voting, clamoring instead for roving wiretaps and encryption controls. All of which turns the clock back a decade, to a time when the task of exploring new forms of electronic democracy fell to activists and artists. The creators of the following sites may wield fancier tools, but their spirit echoes the days when the Internet was freedom's new frontier.

Refugee Republic

This project by Ingo Gunther proposes a nongeographic nation composed of the world’s refugees. Arguing that the stateless population represents

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