“Who’s this fascist who thinks he’s an antifascist?”

With these words, as Benjamin H.D. Buchloh recalls, Marcel Broodthaers voiced his outrage at Anselm Kiefer’s “Occupations” series, featured in the 1975 issue of the German art magazine Interfunktionen. Kiefer’s 1969 project showed the young artist performing the Nazi salute in front of European monuments such as the Colosseum and prompted Broodthaers to withdraw one of his artist’s books from publication under Interfunktionen’s mantle. His reaction effectively cut off funding for the next issue and sealed the fate of what until then had arguably been the most important European art magazine since World War II. Dealers pulled their ads; curators and other artists conveyed their dismay, as did the magazine’s founding editor, Friedrich Wolfram (aka Fritz) Heubach. The “whole thing wasn’t legendary, it was a scandal,” recalls Buchloh, who as

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