TABLE OF CONTENTS

MASS APPEALS: THE ART OF THOMAS BAYRLE

ON THE NIGHT of April 11, 1968, Thomas Bayrle and two friends, Bernhard Jäger and Uve Schmidt, were busy in a basement print shop in Frankfurt, producing a poster of German student leader Rudi Dutschke. Earlier that afternoon, Dutschke, the prime mover behind the West German Extraparliamentary Opposition, known by the acronym APO, had been shot by a presumed right-wing extremist. The poster responded directly to the three bullets that were fired: the revolution does not die from lead poisoning! At that moment, however, it was not clear that Dutschke would live. (He did, although complications from the shooting would kill him eleven years later.) By the next morning, his face was not only everywhere in the German mass media but emblazoned across the city on the trio’s myriad placards. That night of uncertainty about the political icon’s survival had already begun to crystallize into one of

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