TABLE OF CONTENTS

books

the San Francisco Tape Music Center

THE SAN FRANCISCO TAPE MUSIC CENTER:

1960 COUNTERCULTURE AND THE AVANT-

GARDE, EDITED BY DAVID W. BERNSTEIN.

BERKELEY: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

PRESS, 2008. 322 PAGES. $28.

I FIRST LEARNED OF the San Francisco Tape Music Center in the late 1990s, when I was a student of one of its early members, Pauline Oliveros, at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music. In class, Pauline would talk about her first experiments with audio recording in the early ’60s—which involved using cardboard tubes and bathtubs to simulate reverbs and filters—or about concerts she played that nearly caused riots. She described a time previously unknown to me, when you couldn’t accomplish everything with a piece of off-the-shelf software, when synthesizers did not exist, and when a simple electronic drone could drive people out of a concert hall and to the edge of sanity. Her stories electrified my interest in the

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