On Site

the Copenhagen Free University

Copenhagen Free University, Factory of Escape, 2002–2003. Installation view, Copenhagen Free University.

SMOKE BOMBS; trashing the Treasury building; attacking the Prince of Wales’s car: The fierce student opposition to a huge hike in student fees and commensurate cuts in British education that erupted last fall—and that was quashed by a brutal police crackdown—has not stopped, even as its furor has been taken up by the latest round of urban unrest in London. Throughout Europe, the decadelong implementation of the Bologna Process of educational reform and university restructuring continues to trigger protest and outrage. Named after the Italian city where it was proposed, the Bologna Process was set up in 1999 by members of the Council of Europe in an attempt to rationalize European degree standards and make them compatible with the US education market. The “Bolognafication” of education—in other words, its privatization—has since intensified across the continent.

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