TABLE OF CONTENTS

COWS

Cow-milking-machine demonstration, ca. 1946. Photo: Kirn Vintage/Corbis.

The only philosopher to have contributed a regular column in these pages, VILÉM FLUSSER (1920–1991) was among the most prescient—and eloquent—thinkers on the environmental conditions of a world mediated by technology. Here, scholar GEOFFREY WINTHROP-YOUNG introduces an exclusive excerpt from the first English translation of Flusser’s book Natural:Mind (first published in 1979 in São Paulo as Natural:Mente by Duas Cidades), out this month from Univocal Press. In the essay “Cows,” Flusser poses the animal as a “highly automated” machine, asking, “As we contemplate the cow, are we contemplating future man?” If Andy Warhol’s Cow Wallpaper, 1966, perfectly captured a midcentury conversion of natural mind into mechanical, bovine stare and pastoral landscape into mass-produced neon decor, Flusser looks ahead, contending with the coming convergence of carnal life, machine, and

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