A barricade during the Paris Commune, boulevard Voltaire and boulevard Richard-Lenoir, 1871. Photo: Bruno Braquehais/BHVP/Roger-Viollet.

CITIES CULTIVATE PROTEST. But the twenty-first-century remaking of urban centers into slickly surveilled and partitioned hubs of global finance has necessitated new ways of contesting those very networks of money and power. From the massive sit-ins that galvanized Hong Kong in 2014 to the demonstrations that swept through Greece’s capitals this past summer, from the throngs packed into Tahrir Square in Cairo during the Arab Spring of 2011 to the congregations of activists that spread the Occupy movement across dozens of cities later that year, we have recently witnessed multitudes establishing their cities as centers of new forms of political representation. The metropolis is not simply a stage for these heaving crowds but the very stuff of strikes. In addition to their own bodies, demonstrators have used everything from garbage to rocks to construction scraps in order to fashion

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