• Wifredo Lam, The Murmur, 1943, oil on paper mounted on canvas, 41 5/16 x 33 1/6". © Estate of Wifredo Lam, 2007 / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADGAP, Paris.

    “¡Cuba! Art and History from 1868 to Today”

    Montréal Museum of Fine Arts
    1380 Rue Sherbrooke Ouest
    January 31–June 8, 2008

    When Alfred Barr organized his landmark 1944 MoMA survey “Modern Cuban Painters,” the island's most well known painter, Wifredo Lam, wary of being labeled “regional,” refused to participate. His absence was regrettable, since Lam's work perfectly characterizes the unique hybrid of avant-garde and Afro-Caribbean sensibilities that defined the Cuban art of his generation. Thankfully, Lam will be among some 150 artists contributing this show's roughly 450 works—including paintings by vanguardist Marcelo Pogolotti and rare images from the Fototeca de Cuba—many of which have never been exhibited outside Cuba. The exhibition begins in 1868, when the country embarked on its Ten Years' War for independence from Spain, and follows through the long twentieth century of ideological and aesthetic flux.