Cy Tombly, The Four Seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter (detail), 1993–94, one of four paintings in acrylic, oil, caryon, and pencil on canvas, each 10' 3 7/16“ x 7' 5/8”.


Cy Twombly

Guggenheim Museum | Bilbao
Avenida Abandoibarra, 2
October 28, 2008–February 1, 2009

Tate Modern
June 19–September 14, 2008

Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea
Viale delle Belle Arti 131
March 4–May 17, 2009

Curated by Nicholas Serota

Cy Twombly, Sol LeWitt, Andy Warhol, Donald Judd, Yves Klein, and Arman all entered the world in 1928—an annus mirabilis for art history. Of these artists, only Twombly celebrated his eightieth birthday this year. With around a hundred works, the Tate's retrospective, organized by Nicholas Serota, should make plain that the triangle of Twombly, Johns, and Rauschenberg has always been equilateral; recognition of such status was long withheld in America, until the exceptional exhibition organized by the late Kirk Varnedoe for New York's Museum of Modern Art in 1994. It took another ten years (and a second Frenchman, after Roland Barthes, whose exquisite essays on Twombly appeared in 1979) for a scholarly work on the artist to approach its subject adequately, in Richard Leeman's 2004 monograph. Travels to the Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain, Oct. 28, 2008–Feb. 1, 2009; Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Mar. 4–May 17, 2009.