New York

August Sander

Robert Schoelkopf Gallery

August Sander’s subject was the German people of his time, and he immodestly called his project “People of the Twentieth Century.” Between the years 1910 and 1938 Sander (1876–1964) methodically recorded singly, in pairs and in groups, Germans of every class and occupation, from peasants and laborers on up through the petite bourgeoisie of German towns to rich industrialists, military officers and the intelligentsia of professors, musicians and artists. He was not interested in the individual, but in the gathering of types to yield archetypes. Many of these images, strictly grouped, became more widely known with the 1971 publication of Men Without Masks, a survey of 275 portraits and only part of Sander’s project (which was itself cut short by Nazi interference). The exhibition at Schoelkopf numbers 50 “vintage” prints, most of them unpublished portraits from Sander’s project, and about

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