New York

Don Gummer

Castle Clinton and Sperone Westwater Fischer

Don Gummer combines a Cubist vocabulary of interpenetrating planes and geometric shapes with a Constructivist use of painted wood and replacement of opaque volume by space. At his best, as in the site sculpture Surrounded by Divisions exhibited last summer at Castle Clinton, Gummer creates out of rigid lines and spatial geometry what Yeats called “intellectual music.” Rectangles, circles and hexagons function in a musical counterpoint with planes and shadows. The work had a subtly charged pace, a rhythm of rectilinear intervals that also relates the artist to Mondrian.

Constructed of bluestone slabs surmounted by wooden screenlike rectangles, Surrounded by Divisions had the taut elegance and implied movement of classical art. The sculpture was scaled with a boldly kinetic relation to the site and the castle itself. By placing the hexagonal structure at an angle to the curved ellipsoidal

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