troyes

Raymond Hains

Galerie Passages

Raymond Hains' work is as disturbing as it is moving. Born in 1926, Hains already had quite a long history behind him when the critic Pierre Restany coined the term “nouveau réalisme” (new realism) in 1960 to describe the work of a variety of artists—including Arman, César, Hains, Yves Klein, Martial Raysse, and Jean Tinguely—who by that time had begun to use everyday materials, existing artifacts, and similar concrete approaches to art making. Although the inclusion of Hains among this group was justified by his direct appropriations of fragments of reality, such as the removal of affiches (advertising posters) from walls and other outdoor surfaces, even then it did not encompass the totality of his art. Since the late '40s he had not only discovered the principle of “affichisme” but had also used a special, grooved lens to make some distorted photographs and abstract films. This is the

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