New York

Nouveaux Réalistes

Zabriskie Gallery

The Nouveaux Réalistes were brought together by the French critic, Pierre Restany, in 1960. Like several other European art movements of the twentieth century, the Nouveaux Réalistes existed more on paper than in reality. The artists did sign a manifesto written by Restany that declared their consciousness as a collectivity: the manifesto also declared that the artists were moving into a “new perception of the real.” The artists who signed the manifesto, Jacques Arman, Francois Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Jean Tinguely, Jacques de la Villeglé, and Martial Raysse, and were later joined by Gérard Deschamps, Mimmo Rotella, Christo, and Niki de Saint-Phalle. This rather disparate group nonetheless shared a common sensibility about the object, a fascination with the material thing in all its fragility, something the Abstract Expressionists and, at times, the École de Paris seemed to ignore or

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