Neuer Berliner Kunstverein (n.b.k.)

Curated by Angelika Stepken, “Calculi” was comprised of 15 installation pieces by ten artists living in Berlin. The title is derived from a Latin word and means the small stones utilized in a mosaiclike ancient calculator; it is borrowed from Vilém Flusser, who uses the term to describe the transition from linear writing cultures to an age of scientific thinking in technical images. The artists who took part in the show belong to various generations, but rather than labeling their works with art-historical terms like Minimal, Conceptual, or Constructivist, it is more important to observe the different internal systems each artist employs. These systems are based on the repetition of dissimilar or identical elements. Karol Heinz Bethke, for example, multiplies the form of the square three times, dissolving perspectival distortion and presenting the problem of full versus empty (form within

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