• “The Vertical Flatbed Picture Plane”

    Turner and Byrne Gallery

    In “The Flatbed Picture Plane,” 1972, an essay discussing the work of Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol, and others, Leo Steinberg posed the idea of a “tilt” in the conventional pictorial surface from vertical to horizontal. He argued that Rauschenberg’s scatterings of mass-media images and Warhol’s pictures of pictures demanded a perceptual reorientation, away from a “worldspace” (a view corresponding to a window on the world or the upright posture of the human form) and toward a “receptor surface,” such as a tabletop, the studio floor, or the flatbed printing press. According to Steinberg, the

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