new-york

Carlo

Phyllis Kind Gallery

Following on the heels of a major 1992 retrospective held in Verona, Italy, this was Carlo Zinelli’s first solo show in the U.S. since 1968. Presenting 27 exquisite gouaches on paper, this show introduced the full range of Carlo’s oeuvre to an American audience. Championed by Jean Dubuffet as an artiste brut, Carlo (1916–74), an Italian schizophrenic who was institutionalized for over twenty years, has been inducted into the European canon of “Outsider” art. Yet, within that context, attention to the full range of his work has been relatively limited.

Carlo’s work confounds two major stereotypes of “schizophrenic” art: first, the notion that the schizophrenic image-maker is compelled to obsessively fill in every space in the composition; second, that there can be no significant stylistic progression in the work over time. Only in the first of the four periods of his career (these have only

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