• “Fifth Havana Biennial”

    Various Venues

    Messages, more or less imaginatively purveyed, fanned out all over Havana during the Fifth Biennial, the most ambitious to date in terms of both space and thematic didacticism. Founded in 1984 to offer a view of the visual arts in the so-called third world (which it did admirably, sometimes showing the works of as many as 700 artists from numerous “underdeveloped” regions and continents), in later editions, it increasingly attempted to focus on issues rather than individual works. This Biennial, plagued by woeful circumstances in Cuba, was something of a miracle and something of a defeat: a

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