Carl Andre

Paula Cooper Gallery/Ace Gallery/Musée Cantini

Since it is the mark of a truly great racehorse, or tennis player, to be able to win on any sort of surface, perhaps it’s the mark of a truly great artist to be able to prevail in any sort of space. If it is, Carl Andre has given proof of greatness in three recent exhibitions, at the Paula Cooper Gallery late last year, the Ace Gallery last spring, and the Musée Cantini in Marseilles this past summer—the first venue lofty and light and brand-new, the second a complex of catacombs, built in concrete but timeless, the third a beautifully proportioned and daylit period townhouse.

Andre was one of the earliest Minimalists but, born in 1935, was decidedly younger than Sol LeWitt and Donald Judd (b. 1928) or Robert Morris (b. 1931). And, indeed, from the outset he was essentially another sort of artist, a Romantic among Neoclassicists.

Now, the essence of Minimalism, it seems to me, is its commitment

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