New York

Ben Vautier

Zabriskie Gallery

This collection of “Photo Rejects,” which date from the ’70s through the present, does not exactly show Ben Vautier as a photographer, if that term means having cultivated a style, a technique, a determinate attitude toward one’s equipment, medium, and subjects. Vautier, a veteran of both Fluxus and Nouveau Réalisme, is not particularly interested in such a definition of photography as an art. But he is intrigued by the act of taking photographs and the condition of being photographed, which is to say, the way one lives and acts in a world that includes photography among other activities; and above all, he is possessed by a fascination with photographs as objects, whoever took them and how, and whatever they show. So you find a box of photographs with two fist-sized holes in it inviting you to “put hands/just to feel the photos”; another box, open at the top, “for the pleasure of touching

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