Manifesta 4

Various Venues

The 2000 edition of Manifesta, Europe’s roving biennial of young art, took place in the shadow of NATO’s 1999 bombing of Serbia and the collapse of the Yugoslav Republic. The city of Ljubljana, located at a historical crossroads between East and West, offered a resonant setting for what was to be a roughly hewn but timely exhibition memorable for its uncompromising foregrounding of the documentary mode and for introducing the work of a number of remarkable new artists. This year Manifesta was in Frankfurt, in the capitalist heartland of Western Europe. It was hard to imagine the city firing either the soul or the imagination, and certainly the curators of Manifesta 4 seem to have struggled to find inspiration. Frankfurt (aka Bankfurt) is the financial and transportation hub of mainland Europe, a point of passage for people, money, and things. It’s a city that stands for the dream of European

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