Gwanju Biennale 2004

Various Venues

With the recent proliferation of biennials worldwide, curators are hard-pressed to differentiate their own from the others. Yongwoo Lee, the general artistic director of the Gwangju Biennale 2004, certainly came up with an original and courageous take on the problem: Starting from the insight that viewers are equal partners in the making of an artwork, he decided to pair each invited artist with a “viewer-participant,” an individual unconnected to the artist and his or her work (or rather, since the viewer-participants were selected first, to pair each viewer-participant with an artist according to the aesthetic inclinations, or other relevant attributes, of the former). The hope was that these viewers’ communications would influence the making of the works the artists would produce for the biennale, as a cook hopes that by adding mustard to eggs and oil his mayonnaise will arrive at its

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