the 27th São Paulo Bienal

Various Venues

FOR THIS INCARNATION of the São Paulo Bienal, chief curator Lisette Lagnado—along with Adriano Pedrosa, Cristina Freire, José Roca, Rosa Martínez, and guest curator Jochen Volz—decided to do away with the exhibition’s long-standing separation by nationality. Instead, the organizers framed the exhibition around the theme stated in the biennial’s title, “Como Viver Junto” (How to Live Together), taken from a series of lectures Roland Barthes delivered at the Collège de France in Paris in 1976–77. This subject was approached from two angles, dubbed “programs for life” and “constructive projects,” which might be described as focusing on social and architectural realities, respectively. These concepts were inspired by Hélio Oiticica—specifically his notion of “construction,” which was developed in the context of his Neo-concrete experimentation around 1960, and the “farewell to aesthetics”

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