Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA)

This first European retrospective of the German-born Venezuelan artist known as Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994) located her work at the intersection of international modernism and local vernacular, adding her name to the list of postwar Latin Americans—among them Mira Schendel, Lygia Clark, and Hélio Oiticica—whom recent art history has vindicated. Like that of Clark, Gego’s work teeters in a fascinating way between improvised materiality and styleless, eternal forms that involve spectator interaction and the surrounding space.

After a relatively conventional practice of geometrical sculpture, Gego trumped modernism in the late ’60s by formulating new artistic systems that set her free from constructivist and kinetic canons. Her “Reticuláreas,” 1969–77, are more or less irregular nets or webs made out of wire, marking and reorganizing space transparently, and inside which spectators

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