New York

Keith Tyson


“Fractal Dice,” British artist Keith Tyson’s recent exhibition at PaceWildenstein, was the result of a game—one that, like any game, came with a set of rules. Reproduced for visitors on sheets of graph paper, these rules indexed a system by which rolls of a die determined the sizes, shapes, and colors of sculptures. Following in the footsteps of Jean Arp, John Cage, and Luke Rhinehart (author of the 1971 cult novel The Dice Man), Tyson allowed chance to steer the decisions made en route to his works’ final appearances. And, as befit the hands-off approach, he played no part in the making of the fourteen aluminum-and-plastic sculptures shown here beyond sending the initial algorithm to the gallery last year, ordering their fabrication in the manner of László Moholy-Nagy dialing up his “Telephone Pictures.”

So what do the results of Tyson’s not-so-secret formula look like? The initial impression

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