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Robert Ryman, Untitled, 2010, oil on stretched-cotton canvas, 22 x 22".

Robert Ryman

Pace | 510 West 25th Street

Robert Ryman, Untitled, 2010, oil on stretched-cotton canvas, 22 x 22".

Since the beginning of his career, in the 1950s, Robert Ryman has pragmatically tested the means of painting, deploying a variety of supports and an equally catholic range of utensils and paints. He has applied pigment directly onto gallery architecture, moved canvas fasteners from the rear of a painting to the front, and installed his works so they project outward at right angles from the wall. In all of these experiments, Ryman checks action and consequence—which is to say, what one material will do to another: what force it exerts, what response it elicits, what value it suggests, and what aesthetic it submits for consideration. Indeed, such cause-and-effect relationships—between subject and material, material and physical world—are constitutive of Ryman’s project.

With six small square paintings from 2010 and 2011 (all untitled), and a ten-panel painting from

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