• View of “Barbara Hepworth: Sculpture for a Modern World,” 2015. From left: Oval Sculpture (Delos), 1955; Curved Form (Delphi), 1955. Photo: Olivia Hemingway.

    Barbara Hepworth

    Kröller-Müller Museum

    FOR ALL ITS CHALLENGES, the career retrospective has long dominated art-museum programs. Underpinned by Renaissance notions of singular artistic virtuosity and the Romantic concept of the solitary genius, the retrospective’s monographic format germinated in the late eighteenth century, evolved during the nineteenth, and became standardized during the third quarter of the twentieth. Such one-person shows generally follow chronological trajectories. This now-canonical approach assumes that the production of the artist in question follows a forward-moving progression and that the work can be fully

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